CIN Emeritus Faculty

David Copenhagen, PhD

Synaptic pathways in the retina

Howard Fields, MD, PhD

Motivation, punishment and reward circuits

Howard Fields received his MD and PhD in Neuroscience at Stanford in 1965-66. After Internal Medicine training at Bellevue Hospital in New York, he spent three years as a research neurologist at Walter Reed Army Institute of Research. Following clinical training in neurology at the Boston City Hospital Service of Harvard Medical School in 1972, he joined the faculty of the University of California San Francisco. Fields major interests are in nervous system mechanisms of pain and substance abuse with a focus on how endogenous opioids contribute to these mechanisms.

Philip Sabes, PhD

Sensorimotor physiology and neuroprosthetics

The Sabes Lab studies how the brain uses sensory feedback to maintain accurate and adaptive movement control. His lab also applies this research to the development of Brain Machine Interfaces (BMIs). They recently demonstrated a novel learning-based approach to providing artificial sensory feedback to the brain. A goal of this work is to allow users to feel artificial devices they control via BMIs.